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Commonly Used Abbreviations in Medical Imaging

AAA  abdominal aortic aneurysm 

AFI  amniotic fluid index 

AGP  antegrade pyelography 

AVM  arteriovenous malformation 

AVN  avascular necrosis 

AXR  abdomen Xray 

 

Ba  barium 

BE  barium enema 

BM  barium meal 

BMD  bone mineral density 

BPP  biophysical profile 

Bx  biopsy 

 

CD  Crohn's disease 

CRL  crown rump length 

CT  computed tomography 

CTA  computed tomography angiography 

CTU  computed tomography urography 

CXR  chest Xray 

 

DDH  developmental dysplasia of the hip 

DEXA  dual energy x-ray absorptiometry 

DMSA  dimercaptosuccinic acid 

DSA  digital subtraction angiography 

DTPA  diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid 

DVT  deep venous thrombosis 

Dx  diagnosis 

 

ECG  electrocardiography 

ERCP  endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography 

 

FDG  fluorodeoxyglucose 

FNA  fine needle aspiration 

 

GB  gallbladder 

GIT  gastrointestinal tract 

GUT  genitourinary tract 

 

HCG  human chorionic gonadotropin 

HIV  human immunodeficiency virus 

HRCT  high resolution computed tomography 

HU  Hounsfield units 

 

IBD  inflammatory bowel disease 

IDA  iminodiacetic acid 

IUGR  intrauterine growth restriction 

IUP  intrauterine pregnancy 

IV  intravenous 

IVC  inferior vena cava 

IVP  intravenous pyelography 

IVU  intravenous urography 

 

kV  kilo volt 

 

LBO  large bowel obstruction 

LV  left ventricle 

 

MAG  mercaptoacetyltriglycine

MCU  micturating cystourethrography 

MDP  methylene diphosphonate 

MHz  mega Hertz 

MIBG  metaiodobenzylguanidine 

MPR  multiplanar reformation 

MRA  magnetic resonance angiography 

MRCP  magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography 

MRI  magnetic resonance imaging 

MRV  magnetic resonance venography 

 

PE  pulmonary embolism 

PET  positron emission tomography 

PTC  percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography 

PVD  peripheral vascular disease 

 

RAS  renal artery stenosis 

RGP  retrograde pyelography 

RIND  reversible ischaemic neurologic deficit 

RNI  radionuclide imaging 

 

Rx  therapy, treatment

SBO  small bowel obstruction 

S/D ratio  systolic / diastolic ratio 

SPECT  single photon emission computed tomography 

SVC  superior vena cava 

 

TB  tuberculosis 

TIA  transient ischaemic attack 

TIPS  transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt 

TOE  transoesophageal echocardiography 

TRUS  transrectal ultrasound 

TVUS  transvaginal ultrasound 

 

UC  ulcerative colitis 

US  ultrasound 

 

V/Q  ventilation / perfusion 

 

#  fracture 

 

67Ga  Gallium67 

 

131I  Iodine131 

 

201Tl  Thallium201 

 

99mTc  Technetium99m 

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